Bada Shanren, or Zhu Da, was among the most important painters of the Qing Dynasty. Born a Ming-dynasty prince, Bada Shanren fled to a monastery and became a monk after the fall of the Ming. It is said that he feigned madness for a period of time after he left the Buddhist order in the 1680s. While Bada Shanren was widely known in the present, his status remained rather obscure in the early twentieth century. Few connoisseurs had, by then, done a systematic study of Bada Shanren’s works. This was largely due to Bada Shanren’s low-profile status as an artist, the eeriness of his personality, and the lack of relevant historical materials. Fangyu Wang started collecting and studying Bada Shanren’s works in the 1950s, which laid the groundwork for art historical research of the artist in China and the United States. In 1991, Wang, together with renowned art historian Richard M. Barnhart, organized the groundbreaking exhibition Master of the Lotus Garden: The Life and Art of Bada Shanren, which toured the Asian Art Museum of San Francisco and the Yale University Art Gallery. After Wang passed away, Wang’s family gave a large number of paintings and works of calligraphy by Bada Shanren to the Smithsonian’s Freer Gallery of Art in 1998, making the Freer the most important site for research on Bada Shanren outside mainland China.