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Lang Jingshan and Composite Photography

郎静山,春树奇峰Majestic Solitude, 1934,摄影,37×26cm Wikipedia (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Majestic_Solitude.jpg), public domain image.

In the 1930s, Shanghai-based photographer Lang Jingshan developed a method called “composite photography”. By using darkroom techniques including composite printing, Lang re-arranges fragments of photographs into new compositions that resemble traditional landscape painting. Unlike photo collages created by European modernists, Lang’s composite photography is rooted in traditional Chinese aesthetics, aiming to recreate the mind image of literati artists. At that time, Lang’s composite photography was deemed a representative of Chinese photography in Europe. In the 1930s, seven hundred of Lang’s works were selected into international photography salon shows. And many of these works fall into the category of composite photography.

Hannah Höch, 《用达达厨房刀子切开德国最后的威玛啤酒肚文化纪元》 图片拼贴, 90×144厘米,1919 Wikipedia,(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hannah_H%C3%B6ch#/media/File:Hoch-Cut_With_the_Kitchen_Knife.jpg), public domain image.

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